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In 1992, a scientific committee consisting of scientists and trustees was instituted and is charged with directing and coordinating research.
In 1993, the bank conducted surveys on wetlands and remote area sensing.
Large-scale commercial hunting of Indian crocodilians for their skin began towards the end of the 19th century, and by the 1970s, crocodile populations were severely depleted.
The Madras Crocodile Bank was conceived in 1973 and started on 26 August 1976 by herpetologist Romulus Whitaker and his wife Zai Whitaker at the time when the Indian government protected all three species of Indian crocodilians under the Wild Life Protection Act of 1972. Lang from University of North Dakota, who initiated a major project on the reproductive biology of the mugger crocodile.
Since 1976, over 1,500 crocodiles and several hundred eggs have been supplied to various state forest departments for restocking programmes in the wild and for setting up breeding facilities in other states in India and neighboring countries.
All three of the original species that were bred at the bank (the mugger, the gharial The bank is a coordinating zoo of the Central Zoo Authority of India for the breeding programmes for endangered species, including rock python, king cobra and Ganges softshell turtle, as per the National Zoo Policy adopted by the Government of India in 1988.
This was followed by extensive studies on sea snakes, marine turtles, bats, and other small mammals and studies on herpetofauna, biogeography, resource use, land use, rain-water harvesting and coral reef socioeconomics, in addition to protected area management planning, ecologically suitable management planning.
The bank was started with only 30 mugger adults, which grew to 8,000 by the 1990s.
One of the main attractions of the bank is the Crocodile Conservation Center.
IUCN/SSC: Snake Specialist Group, Crocodile Specialist group, Tortoise and Freshwater Turtles Specialist Group, Marine Turtle Specialist Group, Indian Subcontinent Reptile & Amphibian Group, Captive Breeding Specialist Group, Sustainable Use of Wild Species Group.
The Madras Crocodile Bank Trust and Centre for Herpetology (MCBT) is a reptile zoo and herpetology research station, located 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of the city of Chennai, in state of Tamil Nadu, India.
The real push for captive breeding of crocodiles came after the launch of the Indian Crocodile Conservation Project by the Indian government in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in 1975. The research infrastructure at the bank was augmented by the funds for this project, chiefly a well-equipped laboratory and the collaboration with the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology.
The bank was started to protect India's dwindling crocodile population and to preserve the art of snake catching. This project was continued every year between 19 by Harry Andrews under the supervision of Dr. The project currently focuses on reptile reproduction, egg incubation, and temperature-dependent sex determination.
It is the largest breeding center of crocodiles in India and has bred thousands of crocodiles since its inception.